Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. Blood sugar levels rise due to a dysfunction in the way insulin, a hormone that regulates high blood sugar, is released. If the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells do not react to insulin, blood sugar levels have free rein.
Research shows that inositol can be used to produce molecules that are involved in insulin’s action in your cells.
This lead researchers to investigate whether inositol could improve the body’s sensitivity to insulin — thus, reducing insulin resistance.
Several studies have borne out this hypothesis.
One six-month study in 80 postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome (a cluster of conditions that can lead to heart disease) found that four grams per day of inositol improved insulin sensitivity, blood pressure and cholesterol levels more than a placebo.
In fact, certain carbohydrates, including those found in starchy items such as white bread, can send blood sugar levels soaring.
Certain carbohydrates are broken down into blood sugar relatively quickly and therefore has a more pronounced effect on blood sugar levels than either fat or protein.
To separate friendly carbs from their harmful counterparts, follow the glycemic Index (GI) – a relative ranking of carbohydrate in foods according to how they affect blood glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes – do I have it?
Many people have type 2 diabetes without realising – this is because symptoms do not necessarily make you feel unwell.
However, if symptoms do appear, you may experience:
- Urinating more than usual, particularly at night
- Feeling thirsty all the time
- Feeling very tired
- Losing weight without trying to
- Itching around your penis or vagina, or repeatedly getting thrush
- Cuts or wounds taking longer to heal
- Blurred vision